Andres Guadamuz

Click image for source.

Welcome Neutral / Spanish / English supporter (delete as appropriate). So you would like to support Costa Rica for the rest of the World Cup? Good choice! But in case you haven’t made up your mind…

Why support Costa Rica?

  • Everybody loves an underdog, and we are the underdog’s underdog. Costa Rica were favourites to finish bottom of Group D before the World Cup started, and were 499/1 against to reach the final.
  • We are friendly, happy people.
  • We do not have an army, it was abolished in 1949 by the winner of a civil war that was declared to defeat an electoral fraud. We are living evidence that you can spend on health and education instead of weapons.
  • More than 25% of the country is either a national park or protected area.
  • You can claim that you supported Costa Rica before it was cool.

So that’s settled then, we are worthy of support. In order to enhance your experience as an honorary Tico, here is a list of things that you should know about the country and its people.

Basic language and culture

Even if you speak Spanish fluently, there are key words that you need to learn. These words are so embedded in our culture that you cannot possibly understand Costa Rica without knowing them, and their deep cultural meaning.

  • Tica / Tico: Costa Rican person, comes from a tendency to use a diminutive to describe things: chiquitica (very small), pobrecitico (very poor).
  • Pura Vida. Literally “pure life”, it’s not just a phrase, it’s a way of looking at the world. Life is to be enjoyed to the maximum, happiness is what really matters. It is a statement of courteous intent, it is used as a greeting and a parting salute. It is used in agreement and assent. It means that you are happy with the world, and the world acts accordingly.
  • Mae. This word cannot be translated, the closest approximation would be “man”, or “dude”, but those words fail to convey the cultural depth of “mae”. Everyone in Costa Rica is a mae (except your mother of course). The girl next door is a mae. The president is a mae. Your boss is a mae. If the Queen was Costa Rican, she would also be a mae. Costa Rica is fiercely egalitarian, we are all supposed to be the same and nobody should rise above the rest. Because we are all maes, you have to respect the person next to you as an equal. This can have disadvantages, as it can be used to bring down people and to spread mediocrity as a national mindset.
  • Chunche. The most useful word in the Costa Rican dictionary, “chunche” means everything. The car is “el chunche”, the chair is “el chunche” where you sit, the computer is that chunche that you use to connect to Facebook (known as “el Feis”), the phone is “el chunche” that you use to talk to people.
  • Tuanis. Legend has it that it comes from “too nice”, and it means exactly that. “Que tuanis esa chemise, mae!” means “I really like your shirt!”. Edited: It seems like the word comes from Malespín.
  • Pobrecito / Pobrecitica. Poor person (can be used as the equivalent of “awwww”). In Costa Rica it is used mostly to give someone some leeway: “Pobrecito! Let’s give him another chance”. It has permeated into the national culture, and it is now seen as a negative feature of being Costa Rican, we just don’t like giving people a hard time, which means that we are always under-achievers. I believe that Jorge Luis Pinto has managed to eradicate the pobrecito culture from the national team.
Dr Andres Guadamuz

This is El Chunche. It’s complicated.

If you master those words, you will be able to have a decent conversation with any Costa Rica: “Mae, pass me the chunche, pura vida!” “That is a tuanis chunche you have there”.

Food and drink

  • Gallo Pinto. The best breakfast in the world, consists of rice and beans with cilantro, onion, sweet pepper and Salsa Lizano. A full gallo pinto breakfast will also have tortilla, eggs and natilla (sour cream).
  • Ceviche. Perhaps not as famous as the Peruvian variety, it is very tasty (and healthy, sort of). There are variants depending on the type of fish used, with the ultimate ceviche being the Vuelve A La Vida (come back to life).
  • Guaro. The national drink, it’s a bit like cachaca and aguardiente, and goes really well with sour ingredients (check out the Guaro Sour). The term is also used as a generic word to describe all alcohol.
  • Tapis. Used to describe a cocktail or mixed drink (“me voy a echar un tapis”). It is also used to describe a drunk person (“ese mae es un tapis”).
  • Birra. Beer. And there is only one beer: Imperial, which you can have with ice, lemon and salt michelada style.
  • Goma. After too much birra and guaro, you get a goma (“Ay mae, que goma me ando!”).

Football chants

  • Oeeee oeeee oeeee oeeee, Ticos, Ticos!
  • Vamos, vamos los Ticos, que esta (tarde/noche) tenemos que ganar!
  • Viva Heredia por media calle… ok, that is just me.


We are a nice bunch, but from time to time you really need to send a good insult when supporting a football team. You can find a full list elsewhere, but these ones should get you going:

  • Burro – a dumb person
  • Cabeza hueca – no brians (a hollow head)
  • Chiflado – nuts (crazy)
  • Don nadie – a nobody
  • Vayase a freir espárragos churros – Go to hell! A nicer way of saying it.
  • Chapa – a clumsy person.
  • Jetón – a liar
  • Limpio – a person with no money
  • Maje – dumb or stupid (not to be confused with mae)
  • Sorompo – idiot

“Arbitro sorompo” is a favourite of mine.

National heroes

  • Juan Santamaría. In 1856, a group of US mercenary soldiers took over Nicaragua, and were on their way to invade Costa Rica. They were stopped during a battle in Santa Rosa Rivas, where Juan Santamaría set fire to a house where the gringos had placed their fortification, dying in the process. Some say that he is made-up and never existed. Says it all really.
  • José Figueres Ferrer. 3-times president, Don Pepe abolished the army and set the country in a social-democratic path that increased health and education rates to levels only seen in developed countries.
  • Franklin Chang Diaz. Astronaut.
  • Claudia Poll. Gold medallist swimmer.
  • Paulo Wanchope. He scored that amazing goal for Derby County.
  • Joel Campbell. Hero in the making.

Other useful words

Tome chichí! In your face.

Plata (Silver). Money.

Güevos. Eggs, balls, cojones. Costa Rica played with güevos against Italy.

Harina (flour). Money. The fact that we have such diverse words to describe money says a lot about our psyche.

Desmadre. Disorganisation, chaos, but can be used to imply something is hilarious.

Despiche. Lots of fun, but can also be used to state that you hurt yourself (“Me caí y me despiché la madre”).

La Platina. A piece of metal covering the eponymous bridge. A national shame.

Edited to add:

Vara: Thing. See Chunche.

Chinamo. Small, dingy bar. Another source of national shame.

Combate. The First Rule of Combate is that we DO NOT talk about Combate.


This is a desmadre

This is a desmadre

There you go. Vamos los ticos, pura vida maes.

Categories: Off-topic



Roberto Rojas · June 22, 2014 at 11:02 am

Muy bueno pero un poco editado para menores de 13…  Por ejemplo el mejor insulto de todos es el que se le rindió al arbitrito chileno en la ‘mejenga” contra los Italianos, donde se le recordó, de manera inolvidable para el, a su santa madre. Luego está el que involucra a las 1,000 meretrices y también falto aquel que a los gays no les gusta ahora que les digan y que tiene que ver con las soleadas costas. Pero en general, muy bueno el articulo!


Mayela · June 22, 2014 at 12:07 pm

Muy bien! Es brains en vez de brians! Me gusto mucho, muy buen trabajo!


jen (@nubecina) · June 22, 2014 at 12:35 pm

lindo post <3


Natalie · June 22, 2014 at 12:55 pm

Elaborate a little more on Franklin Chan. He’s not just an “astronaut”. He’s been working in the last 10 years on fuel that will be used to go to mars, and has a lab organization in Costa Rica, as well as an honorable member in NASA, get my drift? 🙂 he’s a national hero as well.


J. Rivers (@atticuscr) · June 22, 2014 at 1:26 pm

Well, Well Described for the Ticos, however, if you mention national heroes, Fraking Chang is missing ,the other Poll sister, Silvia Poll is missing, The Caribean “Rice and Beans” with coconut milk and that spiciness of our Tico Caribean side, Despiche can be the same as Desmadre, like what happened in the “Fuente de la hispanidad” this last friday… Did you know that all country beer was depleted this last friday? lol …. Read the whole comments you’ll find these and more, GO TICOS , GO COSTA RICA!!!


Monica · June 22, 2014 at 1:39 pm

Would you please add Ernesto (lobito) Fonseca, a motocross champ who beated some records before 25, and Alejandro Ramírez, one of the few chess grand masters of the world, to the list?

Thanks in advance,


Amanda · June 22, 2014 at 2:23 pm

faltó héroe nacional, JUAN RAFAEL MORA!!!


Diego Calvo · June 22, 2014 at 3:00 pm

no me cuadro


Dennis Leon · June 22, 2014 at 5:29 pm

Faltó tome pa´l pinto!!!


Lucy Morton · June 22, 2014 at 7:38 pm

Super bueno ! Me encanta


ModBeat · June 22, 2014 at 8:25 pm

Faltó “bombeta”!!!


Gin Cascante · June 22, 2014 at 9:44 pm

Le editaria unas cuantas cosas como agregarle
MEJENGA para este mundial es como necesario jajaja y falto playo tambn

Pero esta super cool


Ronald Zúñiga Rojas · June 23, 2014 at 6:11 am

¡Está en toas!


Ivan Coore · June 23, 2014 at 7:47 am

Thanks very much for the information. So many of us know so very little about our relatively close neighbours but we can tell you about the details of history and places in Europe and North America. This is the legacy of the neo colonial mis-education to which we have been subjected. Give thanks for the WWW.


mocas0233 · June 23, 2014 at 7:53 am

We are not the underdog’s underdog! And we were not favourites to end up in the first place of D group in the world cup. But hey, that’s how we roll mae!


Carlin · June 23, 2014 at 8:47 am

Paulo Wanchope was truly a world class talent – always fun to watch. How about his wonder goal with Malaga against Numeria, or two brilliant goals in Germany’s 2006 World Cup opener against Los Ticos!


Annie Finley Miller · June 23, 2014 at 9:39 am

I am embarrassed to say that when I lived in La Sabana in 1978, directly across the street from the Estadio de futbol, I never even saw a match. I DID however, master chunche , tuanes and Pura Vida


Jairo V · June 23, 2014 at 2:00 pm

Todo muy bien, solo un apunte y es que “tuanis” sí que viene del Malespín, cuyo equivalente es “tuani”=bueno, así como “pelis” (¡Qué pelis, mae!) viene del Malespín “peli”=malo.
Así como muchos otros vocablos como: “acois” acoi=aquí, “mopris o mop” mopri=primo, “nelfis o nelfes” nalgas, “detroi”=detrás…
Así que como bien dices lo de “tuanis” = too nice es pura leyenda, tenemos más historia de la que se cree.

Por lo demás muy buena la publicación y ¡ARRIBA LA SELE!


Lore · June 23, 2014 at 2:08 pm

La descripción de chinamo para mi va más con chinchorro


Sarah · June 23, 2014 at 6:52 pm

What about La Sele y Mejenga!!!?? Most important for the mundial!


Juan Diego · June 24, 2014 at 9:33 am

tuanis y la vara


Dery Dyer · June 25, 2014 at 9:06 am

Why didn’t you credit The Tico Times for their graphic of Sloth Kong you used?


    Andres · June 27, 2014 at 8:20 am

    Fixed, it was linking to the original, but now it’s more prominent.


Esteban · June 25, 2014 at 8:17 pm

y la palabra Chiva? como cuando uno dice que chiva el partido, o cuando se enoja tu madre y se pone chiva xD


Esteban · June 25, 2014 at 8:31 pm

Calderon Guardia also, a bigger figure than Figueres


nadya alvarado · June 26, 2014 at 5:05 pm

Esta bastante bien hecho..buena edicion..los felicito.


Leinar · July 5, 2014 at 8:44 am

Genial! Voy a compartirlo, saludos!

Scoring goals, building brands | places | brands · July 1, 2014 at 4:18 pm

[…] While reading comments on my social network expressions such as “this is my country”, “I love my country” were posted and tweeted on a daily basis. In addition, Costa Rica has been sharing part of its country identity, in particular vocabulary such as “Tico”, “Pura Vida” which shows Costa Rica citizens’ attitude towards life (read more about this in A beginner’s guide to supporting Costa Rica). […]

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